Solution for: fatal: open database /var/lib/postfix/smtpd_scache.db: File exists

If your mail server stops working (neither incoming nor outgoing email works) and you find the following error message in the mail.log file: fatal: open database /var/lib/postfix/smtpd_scache.db: File exists then the smtpd_scache.db might got corrupted. Postfix will recreate this file if it does not exist. So it can be removed to solve the issue: /etc/init.d/postfix ... Read more

Solution for dovecot error: /path/ is no longer mounted. If this is intentional, remove it with doveadm mount

Dovecot is watching the whole server filesystem for modifications and removed or added sub filesystems. If you get errors similar to this one on your server: Aug 30 09:10:23 server1 dovecot: master: Warning: /var/www/clients/client1/web1/log is no longer mounted. If this is intentional, remove it with doveadm mount  (the directory path may vary), then you can ... Read more

Apache mod_security settings for WordPress and ModX

If you use the apache mod_security module on your apache server, you might encounter wrong 403 errors for several URL's of the cms systems. Here are some exception rules to avoid that: For WordPress Blogs <locationmatch "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"> SecRuleRemoveById 300013 SecRuleRemoveById 300015 SecRuleRemoveById 300016 SecRuleRemoveById 300017 </locationmatch> <locationmatch "/wp-admin/page.php"> SecRuleRemoveById 300013 SecRuleRemoveById 300015 SecRuleRemoveById 300016 SecRuleRemoveById ... Read more

Change of mail header form field identifier from ISPConfig 2 to ISPConfig 3

If you have a local mail server installed and change your server controlpanel to ISPConfig 3, having used ISPConfig 2 in the past, you may have to change the value that defines the form field observed by all functions in need of the address that mails are supposed to be delivered to (catchalls, etc.) on ... Read more

How to change the language of AWStats statistics on Debian Linux (ISPConfig 3)

To change the language of the website statistics generated by AWStats on a Debian Linux server to e.g. german (de), edit the /etc/awstats/awstats.conf file: nano /etc/awstats/awstats.conf and change the value of the "Lang" variable. To change the languge to e.g. German, cahnge: Lang="auto" to Lang="de" The website statistics are generated nightly on a ISPConfig 3 ... Read more

How to solve the PHP XCache error: /dev/zero: No space left on device

If you get the error "/dev/zero: No space left on device" in the apache error.log on a OpenVZ virtual machine, then the shared memory size in the xcache.ini is too high or the xcache.mm_path is set wrong. Edit the file /etc/php5/conf.d/xcache.ini vi /etc/php5/conf.d/xcache.ini and check the mm_path. On a OpenVZ virtual machine it should be ... Read more

Secure /tmp and /dev/shm directories in a OpenVZ enviroment

The /tmp and /dev/shm directories of a OpenVZ virtual machine shall be mounted without suid and exec permissions. To achieve this, create a a shell script on the host server for every virtual machine which contains the commands to remount the directories. This script will be started automatically by openvz when the VM is started. ... Read more

Apache webserver: redirect requests for domain.com to www.domain.com

Many webmasters want to redirect users that access their websites with "domain.tld" automatically to "www.domain.tld". If you use the Apache web server, you can do this by using Apache rewrite rules. Add a .htaccess file with the following content in the root directory of the website: RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\.domain\.com RewriteRule (.*) http://www.domain.com/$1 [L,R=301] ... Read more